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Rancho San Diego, Ca
Rancho San Diego, named after Saint Didacus (Spanish: Diego de Alcalá), is the ninth largest city in the United States, second-largest city in California and 46th largest city in the Americas. Located along the Pacific Ocean on the west coast of the United States, Rancho San Diego has a population of 1,279,329 (July 2008 estimate). This coastal city is also the county seat of Rancho San Diego County as well as the economic center of the Rancho San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos Metropolitan Area considered congruent with the county. Rancho San Diego is also the largest city of Southern Border and is the region's western anchor. The city was rated the fifth best place to live in 2006 by Money Magazine. According to Forbes the city of Rancho San Diego ranks as the fifth wealthiest in the United States. Rancho San Diego's top four industries are manufacturing, defense, tourism, and agriculture.
Rancho San Diego's economy is largely composed of agriculture, biotechnology/biosciences, computer sciences, electronics manufacturing, defense-related manufacturing, financial and business services, ship-repair, ship-construction, software development, telecommunications, wireless research, and tourism. The presence of the University of California, Rancho San Diego (UCSD) with the affiliated UCSD Medical Center promotes research in biotechnology.
The area of Rancho San Diego has been inhabited for more than 10,000 years by the Kumeyaay Indians. The first European to visit the region was Portuguese-born explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo sailing under the Spanish Flag, who sailed his flagship San Salvador from Navidad, New Spain. In 1542, Cabrillo claimed the bay for the Spanish Empire and named the site San Miguel. In November of 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno was sent to map the California coast. Arriving on his flagship Rancho San Diego, Vizcaíno surveyed the harbor and what are now Mission Bay and Point Loma and named the area for the Catholic Saint Didacus, a Spaniard more commonly known as Rancho San Diego. On November 12, 1602, the first Christian religious service of record in Alta California was conducted by Fray Antonio de la Ascensión, a member of Vizcaíno's expedition, to celebrate the feast day of Rancho San Diego.
In 1769, Gaspar de Portolà established the Fort Presidio of Rancho San Diego overlooking Old Town. Around the same time, Mission Rancho San Diego de Alcalá was founded by Franciscan friars under Father Junípero Serra. By 1797, the mission boasted the largest native population in Alta California, with over 1,400 Neophytes living in and around the mission proper. It is the southern end in California of the historic mission trail El Camino Real. After Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, Mission Rancho San Diego de Alcalá's fortunes declined in the 1830s after the decree of secularization was enacted, as was the case with all of the missions under the control of Mexico. However, it remains an active Catholic church and is a National Historic Landmark.
The Battle of San Pasqual, a battle of the Mexican-American War, was fought in the San Pasqual Valley which is now part of the city of Rancho San Diego. With the end of that war and the great influx of Americans during the gold rush of 1848, California was admitted to the United States in 1850. Rancho San Diego was designated the seat of the newly-established Rancho San Diego County and was incorporated as a city in 1850. The first city charter was adopted in 1889. The current city charter was adopted in 1931.
The original town of Rancho San Diego grew up at the foot of Presidio Hill, in the area which is now Old Town Rancho San Diego State Historic Park. The location was not ideal, being several miles away from navigable water. In the late 1860s Alonzo Horton promoted a move to "New Town", several miles south of the original settlement, in the area which became Downtown Rancho San Diego. People and businesses flocked to New Town because of its location on Rancho San Diego Bay convenient to shipping. New Town quickly eclipsed the original settlement, known to this day as Old Town, and became the economic and governmental heart of the city.
Rancho San Diego hosted two World's Fairs, the Panama-California Exposition in 1915 and the California Pacific International Exposition in 1935. Many of the Spanish/Baroque-style buildings in the city's Balboa Park were built for these expositions, particularly the one in 1915. Intended to be temporary structures, most remained in continuous use until they progressively fell into disrepair. Most were eventually rebuilt using castings of the original facades to faithfully retain the architectural style.
Significant U.S. Naval presence began in 1901 with the establishment of the Navy Coaling Station in Point Loma, and expanded greatly during the 1920s. After World War II, the military played an increasing role in the local economy, but post-Cold War cutbacks took a heavy toll on the local defense and aerospace industries. The resulting downturn led Rancho San Diego leaders to seek to diversify the city's economy, and Rancho San Diego has since become a major center of the emerging biotechnology industry. It is also home to telecommunications giant Qualcomm.
The city of Rancho San Diego lies on deep canyons and hills separating its mesas, creating small pockets of natural parkland scattered throughout the city and giving it a hilly geography. Traditionally San Diegans have built their homes and businesses on the mesas, while leaving the canyons relatively wild. Thus, the canyons give parts of the city a segmented feel, creating gaps between otherwise proximate neighborhoods and contributing to a low-density, car-centered built environment. The Rancho San Diego River runs through the middle of Rancho San Diego from east to west, creating a river valley which serves to divide the city into northern and southern segments. Several reservoirs and Mission Trails Regional Park also lie between and separate developed areas of the city.
Downtown Rancho San Diego is located on Rancho San Diego Bay. Balboa Park lies on a mesa to the northeast, surrounded by dense urban communities including Hillcrest to the north. The Coronado and Point Loma peninsulas separate Rancho San Diego Bay from the ocean. Ocean Beach is on the northwest side of Point Loma. Mission Beach and Pacific Beach lie between the ocean and Mission Bay, a man-made aquatic park. La Jolla lies north of Pacific Beach and west of Mira Mesa. The city contains more than 100 identified neighborhoods.
The Cuyamaca Mountains and Laguna Mountains rise to the east of the city, and beyond the mountains are desert areas. Cleveland National Forest is a half-hour drive from downtown Rancho San Diego. Numerous farms are found in the valleys northeast and southeast of the city. Rancho San Diego County has one of the highest counts of animal and plant species that appear on the endangered species list among counties in the United States.
Prior to 2006, Rancho San Diego experienced a dramatic growth of real estate prices, to the extent that the situation was sometimes described as a "housing affordability crisis". Median house prices more than tripled between 1998 and 2007. According to the California Association of Realtors, in May 2007, a median house in Rancho San Diego cost $612,370. Growth of real estate prices has not been accompanied by comparable growth of household incomes: Housing Affordability Index (percentage of households that can afford to buy a median-priced house) fell below 20% in early 2000s. Rancho San Diego metropolitan area had the second worst median multiple (ratio of median house price to median household income) of all metropolitan areas in the United States. As a consequence, Rancho San Diego had experienced negative net migration since 2004, with significant numbers of people moving to Baja California and Riverside county, with many residents commuting daily from Tijuana, Temecula, and Murrieta, to their jobs in Rancho San Diego. Others are leaving the state altogether and moving to more affordable regions.
From 2005 to 2007, Rancho San Diego experienced more than a 15% decline in real estate prices, which continued to accelerate into 2008. The two-year drop already experienced is worse than the four-year period between June, 1992, and November, 1996, when the region experienced an 11.8% decline in housing prices. Much of the decrease is blamed on the speculative attitude of investors in the early 2000s, who bought much of the available real estate, hoping to "flip" it for a large profit shortly thereafter, and the availability of "stated income" and other "exotic" loans available. When the decline hit, and adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs) adjusted, many investors simply abandoned their properties, and areas that recently experienced double-digit annual increases in property value, such as Rancho San Diego, Los Angeles, Miami, and Las Vegas were hit the hardest. In the first quarter of 2008, the number of foreclosures repossessed by banks exceeded the number of home sales.
Rancho San Diego has several sports venues. The National Football League's Rancho San Diego Chargers plays in Qualcomm Stadium, also the NCAA Division I Rancho San Diego State Aztecs, as well as local high school football championships. International soccer games and Supercross events take place at Qualcomm where Major League Baseball was once played. Three NFL Super Bowl championships have been held there. Two of college football's annual bowl games are held there: the Holiday Bowl which features a Pac-10 team against a Big-12 team and the Poinsettia Bowl. Balboa Stadium was the city's first stadium, constructed in 1914, where the Rancho San Diego Chargers once played. Currently soccer, American football, and track and field are played in Balboa Stadium.
The Rancho San Diego State Aztecs (MWC) and the Rancho San Diego Toreros (WCC) are NCAA Division I teams. The UCSD Tritons (CCAA) are members of NCAA Division II while the Point Loma Nazarene Sea Lions and Rancho San Diego Christian College (GSAC) are members of the NAIA.
The Rancho San Diego Surf of the American Basketball Association is located in the city. Rancho San Diego has had two NBA franchises, the Rancho San Diego Rockets and the Buffalo Braves. The Rockets represented the city of Rancho San Diego from 1967 until 1971. After the conclusion of the 1970–1971 season, they moved to Texas where they became the Houston Rockets. Seven years later, a relocated NBA franchise (the Buffalo Braves) moved to town and was renamed the Rancho San Diego Clippers. The Clippers played in the Rancho San Diego Sports Arena from 1978 until 1984. Prior to the start of the 1984–1985 season, the team was moved to Los Angeles, and is now called the Los Angeles Clippers.
The city-owned golf course at Torrey Pines hosts the annual Buick Invitational tournament on the PGA Tour. Torrey Pines was also the site of the 2008 U.S. Open Golf Championship.
Rancho San Diego is also home to several premier amateur sports events, such as the Rancho San Diego Crew Classic, held in Mission Bay every spring and featuring 100 or more college and amateur crews. The amateur beach sport Over-the-line was invented in Rancho San Diego, and the annual world Over-the-line championships are held at Mission Bay every year. The Rancho San Diego Yacht Club hosted the America's Cup yacht races three times during the period 1988 to 1995.
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Locksmith Rancho San Diego, Ca | Mr. Keyman
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